In Section 1, Youth Justice, we learn about the law that governs the youth criminal justice system in Canada. We learn how and why youth accused of crimes are treated differently than adults accused of crimes, and what considerations are given to Indigenous youth. Finally, we learn about two significant changes to youth justice laws.
Upon successful completion of this Section 1, you will be able to:
Name the law that applies to the youth criminal justice system in Canada.
Explain the principles underlying that law.
Evaluate how that law deals with youth crime.
Describe why there are considerations that only apply to Indigenous youth.
Assess the purpose recent major changes to the YCJA.
- Criminal Code of Canada
- Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA)
- YCJA Preamble and Interpretation
- YCJA Section 3: Declaration of Principles
- Statistics Canada, Adult and youth correctional statistics in Canada, 2018/2019
- Safe Streets and Communities Act
- An Act to amend the Criminal Code, the Youth Criminal Justice Act and other Acts and to make consequential amendment to other Acts
- Clicklaw, Recent Amendments to Canada’ Youth Criminal Justice Act